Mention any two viral diseases

Viral Diseases: List of Types & Contagiousness, Treatment

Common examples of contagious viral diseases include the flu, the common cold, HIV, and herpes. Other types of viral diseases spread through other means, such as the bite of an infected insect The symptoms of viral diseases can affect almost any area of the body or body system. Symptoms of viral diseases can include: Flu-like symptoms ( fatigue, fever, sore throat, headache, cough, aches and pains) Gastrointestinal disturbances, such as diarrhea, nausea and vomiting. Irritability. Malaise (general ill feeling) Rash

Viral Diseases - Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

  1. Infectious disease. A viral disease (or viral infection) occurs when an organism's body is invaded by pathogenic viruses, and infectious virus particles (virions) attach to and enter susceptible cells
  2. List of nine important viral diseases seen in humans: 1. Chickenpox 2. Smallpox 3. Poliomyelitis 4
  3. 10 Diseases Caused by the Most Common Viruses The most common diseases caused by viruses include ebola, influenza, yellow fever, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV / AIDS), human papillomavirus (HPV), viral gastroenteritis, varicella, and viral hepatitis, among others. To diseases caused by viruses, they are known as diseases or viral infections
  4. There are millions of viruses existing in the world. They are the main cause of viral infections such as common cold, influenza, etc. The virus invades the body of a host and attaches itself to the cell where it releases its genetic material. The cell replicates and the virus multiplies

Viral disease - Wikipedi

Vaccination frequency for most animals is every 3 years, after an initial series of two vaccines 1 year apart. A few vaccines are available for use in horses, cattle, and sheep. Rabies has the highest fatality rate of any infectious disease. Resources: Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus Info Sheet from APHI Some of the same types of viruses that infect humans can also infect plants. Plants and humans do not transmit viruses to each other, but humans can spread plant viruses through physical contact 1. Most frequently, plants catch a cold when an insect or other small animal invades the cellulose armor that protects them from the environment Hepatitis A is a highly infectious disease that primarily affects the liver. You can contract the disease by drinking water that contains the hepatitis A virus (HAV) or by coming in close contact with someone who has the infection. Washing and eating foods prepared with contaminated water can also expose you to the disease

Hepatitis B is common in the U.S. and has two types: acute (weeks to six months) and chronic (more than six months). It is spread through semen, blood and other body fluids. It can also be passed.. Viruses are very tiny organisms with their diameters in nanometers level. Viruses exist almost everywhere, such like in the air, soil and animal body. Human body also habors a lot of viruses, but most of them do not cause diseases. Human immune system can generate antibodies against viruses, the antibody will recognize the virus and destroy it Viruses cause a variety of diseases in humans. Many of these diseases can be prevented by the use of viral vaccines, which stimulate protective immunity against the virus without causing major disease. Viral vaccines may also be used in active viral infections, boosting the ability of the immune system to control or destroy the virus

Some of the bacterial diseases are Syphilis, Pneumonia, Tetanus, and Tuberculosis. Examples of diseases caused by a virus are Chickenpox, Small Pox, Measles, Polio. Fungal infections include Ringworm infection, Athlete's foot, Yeast infections etc. Malaria is a disease caused by an organism belonging to Protista Virus enters in host by many different ways like blood, saliva, etc. here are some most commonly observed viral diseases: Disease- Causative agent- Transmission AIDS- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) - Sexual contact Hepatitis- Hepatitis A,B, C, D, E - Contaminated blood and blood produc

List of 9 Important Viral Diseases Diseases Human

10 Diseases Caused by the Most Common Viruses Life Person

The seriousness and outlook of zoonotic diseases vary depending on the type of disease you have. Many are treatable, while others can cause serious long-term and even lifelong and fatal conditions However, other serious diseases of food and feed crops are caused by viral and bacterial organisms. Certain nematodes also cause plant disease. Some plant diseases are classified as abiotic, or diseases that are non-infectious and include damage from air pollution, nutritional deficiencies or toxicities, and grow under less than optimal. Ans: Two names of sexually transmitted diseases are AIDS and Syphilis. The former one is caused by the HIV virus, while the latter one is caused by a bacterium named Treponema pallidum. AIDS is a chronic STD that may lead to death, but Syphilis can be cured by proper treatment Viral diseases can be prevented from spreading by vaccinations and the most successful of these is the small pox vaccine that has completely eradicated the disease in 1980 To reduce the infection of infectious diseases, following precautions can be taken in schools: 1. Drinking clean and hygienic water 2. Preventing accumulation of water in surroundings 3. Keeping the toilet neat and clean 4. Avoiding consumption of uncovered food and other eatables 5. Using a handkerchief to cover the mouth while sneezing or coughin

Avian Flu Diary: Pandemic Preparedness: Taking Our Cue

Waterborne diseases are illnesses caused by microscopic organisms, like viruses and bacteria, that are ingested through contaminated water or by coming in contact with feces. If every person on the planet was able to practice safe sanitation and hygiene and have access to clean water, these diseases would not exist Measles, mumps and rubella are three viral diseases that can be prevented by child vaccination. The only known hosts of these viruses are humans, which makes it a good target for eradication

The first symptom to syphilis is the appearance of small round sore known as a chancre. It can develop on genitals, anus or mouth. It is painless but very infectious. AIDS is a viral infection. It is caused by the Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). HIV can damage the immune system and raise the risk of another type of infection Diseases can be caused due to various reasons like drinking unclean water or eating contaminated food, lack of nourishment to body, genetic differences carried from parents to children, etc. Therefore, cause of diseases is classified as either non infectious disease or infectious diseases. Disease List of Diseases Caused by Viruses in Humans. Diseases caused by viruses are called Viral Infections. They are caused by various infectious agents that present in living cells. 1. Ebola. Ebola is caused by a virus called Ebola. It is one of the most contagious viral infections in the world. It occurs in both animal and humans A viral infection is any type of infection that is caused by a virus, which is even smaller than bacteria and is encapsulated by a protective coating, so it is more difficult to kill than bacteria. Viral infections involve a dormant virus getting into a living cell and re-writing the cell's genetic codes with its own

Introduction. Emerging infectious disease outbreaks are most likely to originate in wildlife, and are increasing significantly over time correlated with socio-economic, environmental, ecological factors combined with increasing mobility and globalization [1, 2] including climate change [3, 4].Viral outbreaks differ in many ways, such as the individuals most at risk e.g. pregnant women for Zika. List of Human Disease Caused By Virus & Bacteria Disease Causing Agent Infection / Transmission AIDS Human T -cell Leukemia Virus HTLV-III blood and sperms , th. GK, General Studies, Optional notes for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services Viruses cause a number of diseases in the organisms they infect. Human infections and diseases caused by viruses include Ebola fever, chicken pox, measles, influenza, HIV/AIDS, and herpes. Vaccines have been effective at preventing some types of viral infections, such as small pox, in humans The claim: Anthony Fauci said in 2017 Trump will no doubt face infectious disease outbreak during presidency. As COVID-19 case counts and deaths continue to climb in the U.S., critics have. Write two diseases caused by bacteria. [NCT2005] Answer: Two diseases caused by bacteria are tuberculosis and diphtheria. Question 7. Name any two items that are prepared by using yeast. [KVS 2005] Answer: Yeast is used to prepare bread and alcohol

chronic diseases. (iii) Mention any two causes of body's diseases. [2011 (T-II)] 7. (i) Match the following columns with correct answers : So. Column-I Column-II (a) Fungal disease Dengue fever (b) Viral disease Cholera (c) Protozoan disease Skin disease (d) Bacterial disease Malaria (ii) Name any one disease caused when th A treatment will take time which means that someone suffering from diseases likely to be bedridden for sometime even if he given proper treatment. A person suffering from infectious disease can serve as the source from where infection spread to other person. There are two ways to prevent a disease one is general and one is a specific to each.

Emerging infectious disease outbreaks are most likely to originate in wildlife, and are increasing significantly over time correlated with socio-economic, environmental, ecological factors combined with increasing mobility and globalization [1, 2] including climate change [3, 4].Viral outbreaks differ in many ways, such as the individuals most at risk e.g. pregnant women for Zika and the. The more pathogens cause the disease the more difficult it will be to eradicate. If a disease is caused by a limited number and closely related pathogens then often same tools and approaches can be used in eradication efforts. For example, smallpox was caused by two types of variola virus and the same vaccine was used to prevent it

Measles virus: Structure, Pathogenesis, Lab Diagnosis

Infectious Diseases: Types, Causes, Symptoms And Prevention

West Nile Virus (The disease is a type of encephalitis called arboviral encephalitis) Vector: This virus is spread by the culex species. Distribution: It is found in Africa, Europe, Middle East, Central Asia, Oceania, and North America. Transmission Cycle: The virus cycles from mosquito to bird. Humans and horses are incidental hosts People get sick when another organism, big or small, invades their body and infects them. These infectious agents come in all shapes and sizes, and all of them pose different threats to the human body. Some are microscopic, such as bacteria or viruses, which attack human bodies on the cellular level Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) usually pass from one person to another through sexual contact. Most are fairly common, and effective treatment is available — especially in the early stages Causes. There are many different types of organisms that can cause a drop in egg production or quality. These include: Bacteria ( E. coli, Salmonella) Mycoplasma. Viruses (Newcastle disease, influenza, infectious bronchitis, infectious laryngotracheitis, avian encephalomyeli- tis, egg drop syndrome) Parasites

Infectious plant diseases are caused by bacteria, fungi, or viruses and can range in severity from mild leaf or fruit damage to death. The following is a list of some of the major plant diseases, grouped by type of causative agent and ordered alphabetically. bacterial. aster yellows. bacterial wilt. blight The danger of Communicable Diseases has increased a lot. Know more about the Types, Causes, Symptoms, Prevention & Treatment of Communicable Diseases with List of Communicable diseases. Definition of Communicable Disease states that any infectious disease which gets transmitted from one person to another through direc Airborne viral diseases; The main cause of airborne viral diseases are the various types of virus freely scattered and moving in the environmental air. The most common airborne diseases are: Chickenpox: The causal virus belongs to the herpes virus category. To be exact, Varicella zoster virus is the organism responsible for this dreadful disease Explicit disease-naming was almost non-existent prior to the era of scientific understanding of diseases that emerged in the latter part of the 19 th century. Second is general language referring to concern for sickness or disease in documents that have no mention of any specific disease

Common Viral Diseases of Cattle - Rutgers Universit

On average, symptoms showed up in the newly infected person about 5 days after contact. Rarely, symptoms appeared as soon as 2 days after exposure. Most people with symptoms had them by day 12. Vectors transmit disease in two ways (a) Mechanical Transmission. The disease agent is carried mechanically on the legs or body of the insect, e.g. diarrhea, dysentery and typhoid fever by the housefly, and (b) Biological Transmission. This may be of three types (i) Propagative Non-infectious Diseases: The disease which does not spread by contact between infected and healthy person through air and water, State any two conditions essential for good health. Q4 Preventive measures for infectious diseases. Vaccination to prevent disease is commonplace in Europe today. Certain diseases have already been eradicated by rigorous vaccination campaigns, while others are hoped to be eliminated soon, such as measles and congenital rubella. Find out more about prevention and control measures for vaccine. Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections that spread from person to person through sexual activity, including anal, vaginal, or oral sex. HIV is an STD. Chlamydia, gonorrhea, human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, and syphilis are examples of other STDs. Having an STD can make it easier to get HIV

DISEASES THAT IS CONTROLLED AND NOTIFIABLE UNDER THE ANIMAL DISEASES ACT, ACT 35 OF 1984 AND THE ANIMAL DISEASES REGULATIONS, R.2026 OF 1986: Controlled Diseases • Any animal disease or infectious agent that is not known to occur in South Africa • African horse sickness (AHS) • African Swine Fever (ASF) • Anthrax • Aujeszky's disease The trial found the vaccine to be 90% effective overall, and 100% effective against moderate and severe disease. The vaccine requires two doses, given three weeks apart, and may be stored using standard refrigeration. The PREVENT-19 trial enrolled 29,960 participants, ages 18 years and older, across the US and Mexico Rotavirus is a highly infectious virus that is a common cause of gastroenteritis in babies. The two most common symptoms are diarrhoea and vomiting. Rotavirus can lead to a serious bowel infection and dehydration. The rotavirus vaccine offers protection to your child. Typhoid Typhoid is a bacterial disease. It spreads when one consumes food or. 1. Introduction. Viruses are responsible for causing many different diseases which lead to hundreds of thousands of deaths every year [], including influenza [], Ebola [], MERS (Middle East respiratory syndrome) [], HIV/AIDS (human immunodeficiency virus/Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) [] and, more recently, COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) []

Signs and Symptoms of Avian Influenza A Virus Infections in Humans. The reported signs and symptoms of avian influenza A virus infections in humans have ranged from mild to severe and included conjunctivitis, influenza-like illness (e.g., fever, cough, sore throat, muscle aches) sometimes accompanied by nausea, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and vomiting, severe respiratory illness (e.g., shortness. Infectious Diseases - these are diseases which can affect an animal without the animal coming in contact with the infected animal. Transmission of this type of disease is through air, water, dust. Examples are fowl cholera, anthrax, tuberculosis. Contagious Diseases - A disease is said to be contagious if the mode of transmission is by a. William Schaffner, MD, is the medical director of the National Foundation for Infectious Diseases (NFID) you mention pneumococcal disease. Pneumococcal disease is another vaccine preventable illness that's common among older adults. There are two new pneumococcal vaccines that are in the later stages of getting licensed Antibiotics can be derived from natural, semi-synthetic and synthetic sources and source of vaccines include live or inactivated microbes, toxins, antigens, etc. . Vaccines are usually derived from the very germs the vaccine is designed to protect against. A vaccine typically contains an agent that resembles a disease-causing microorganism, and is often made from weakened or killed forms of. Abstract Submission. SUBMIT YOUR ABSTRACT TO IMED 2021 -. DEADLINE EXTENDED TO JULY 14, 2021! This is your chance to showcase your COVID-19 research, among other topics you have been working on during this challenging year. Contribute to advancing the field of emerging infectious diseases, surveillance and epidemic preparedness

new research findings two: Minimizing Vaccine Side Effects

The body fights viruses by breaking down the viral genetic material via RNA interference. The immune system then produces antibodies that bind to viruses to make them noninfectious. Lastly, T cells are sent to destroy the virus. Treating Viruses. Antiviral drugs can treat viruses by inhibiting viral development and slowing down disease progression Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever is a tick-borne virus primarily found in Africa, the Middle East and Asia. It causes death in up to 40% of cases and has no vaccine. Filovirus diseases include Ebola, a virus that saw severe outbreaks in West Africa in 2014-2015 and is often fatal if untreated. There are currently no vaccines for Ebola, but two. Legionnaire's Disease. 10. Anthrax. 11. Meningitis. 12. Dysentery. World around us is full of bacteria, they are actually unlimited in number but it doesn't mean that all of them are harmful to us. Rather, some of these are found helpful for human body but yes, no doubt to say that few of these can lead to horrible diseases The virus of this disease affects the blood circulation of the human body and damages the brain tissues as well. In some severe cases, the disease can lead the victims to convulsions, coma and even death. 3. Malaria. Female Anopheles Mosquitoe. Malaria is caused by Plasmodium falciparum or Plasmodium vivax This is a list of common, well-known or infamous diseases.This is neither complete nor authoritative. This is not intended to be a list of rare diseases, nor is it a list of mental disorders.. This list includes both common names and technical names for diseases. This is deliberate; where multiple names are in common use for the same disease, all of those names should link to the main article.

List of Diseases in Plants Caused by Viruses Healthfull

Crop diseases caused by viruses can cause considerable damage, such as wheat streak mosaic virus and potato virus diseases than can eradicate an entire crop very quickly. Ringspot, which can cause circular lesions on plant leaves, is an example of a viral plant disease. Nematodes and protozoa are also classified as infectious diseases Toxoplasmosis. Toxoplasmosis is caused by an organism known as Toxoplasma gondii, which the Mayo Clinic cites as one of the most common parasites in the world 2.While most people with this disease do not have any symptoms, serious complications can occur when toxoplasmosis develops in people with compromised immune systems 2.Infants born to mothers infected with the disease can also experience. First of all, viruses are known to cause a wide range of diseases in humans, animals, birds, and insects, from the common cold to cancer. The deadly HIV is caused by a virus, as are chickenpox, as are sores, influenza, avian flu, ebola, polio, rabies, and measles, to name a few. Some common and some rare forms of cancers are also caused by viruses Infectious Diseases and Circumstances Relevant to Mention of any company or product does not constitute endorsement by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and . Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Contact transmission is divided into two subgroups: Direct and indirect. Direct transmission occurs when.

Virus Diseases and Nerve Damage. Viruses that can attack nerve tissues include herpes varicella-zoster , Epstein-Barr virus, cytomegalovirus, and herpes simplex-members of the large family of human herpes viruses. These viruses severely damage sensory nerves, causing attacks of sharp, lightning-like pain Heart Disease. Heart disease is the most prevalent cause of death among Americans, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 1.In 2007, heart disease killed more Americans than stroke, Alzheimer's disease, diabetes, influenza, pneumonia and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease combined Answer: Pathogens enter our body through any source and multiply inside the body cell and can result in disease. For example: When any person suffering from cold sneezes, some of the droplets of moisture carrying many viruses are spread in air. The same air is inhaled by another person sitting close by or in front of the infected person In the realm of infectious diseases, a pandemic is the worst case scenario. When an epidemic spreads beyond a country's borders, that's when the disease officially becomes a pandemic

The common cold, flu, cough, strep throat, and certain other diseases are commonplace and keep making a comeback over and over again. Our immune system is built for protecting us from these diseases and disorders and keeping us healthy. There are, however, certain diseases which can be easily spread from one person to another in a number of ways Like, if two people are disease free, can an infection occur between them like AIDS assuming they haven't had any other sexual partners. (Asking this about both Hetero and SameSex couples for a paper Salmonella. Salmonella is the name of a group of bacteria that causes the infection salmonellosis. It is one of the most common bacterial causes of diarrhea and the most common cause of foodborne-related hospitalizations and deaths. Salmonella is more severe in pregnant women, older adults, younger children and those with a weakened immune system Vector-borne diseases account for more than 17% of all infectious diseases, causing more than 700 000 deaths annually. They can be caused by either parasites, bacteria or viruses. Malaria is a parasitic infection transmitted by Anopheline mosquitoes. It causes an estimated 219 million cases globally, and results in more than 400,000 deaths.

This manual contains 54 disease fact sheets for providers about specific infectious disease problems. These fact sheets have been designed to provide specific disease prevention and control guidelines that are consistent with the national standards put forth by the American Public Health Association and the American Academy of Pediatrics How are Infectious Diseases Spread: As mentioned earlier, most of the infectious diseases are contagious. They are easily and quickly spread. When an infected person comes in contact directly or indirectly with a healthy or an uninfected person, these pathogens are transmitted to a new host body There may be no more controversial modern disease than chronic Lyme disease. Lyme disease is a straight-forward diagnosis. Infection with the spirochete, Borrelia burgdorferi, causes an acut

15 Dangerous Diseases Caused by Contaminated Drinking

12 Diseases That Can Be Prevented By Vaccinatio

Awardees for research activities in the field of pediatric infectious diseases have included Rene Dubois (1941) for development of antibacterial agents, Albert Sabin (1941) for research into viral. Communicable diseases are those diseases that may be transmitted from person to person, food, water and/or animals and are the most common cause of school absenteeism. Prevention and Control of the Spread of Communicable Diseases. The cooperation of school personnel, health department, physicians, parents and students is essential This includes gastroenteritis (a.k.a. stomach flu), a viral disease primarily transmitted through contaminated food or water. This also includes food poisoning , which is caused by any one of more than 250 possible contaminants (including bacteria, viruses, parasite, toxins, and chemicals)

Human Diseases Caused by Viruses -- EndMem

Influenza, the infectious disease commonly known as flu, is caused by a virus that mutates frequently. Occasionally a particularly virulent strain of the virus spreads swiftly around the world, affecting or even killing a large proportion of the population. This constitutes a pandemic. The world has suffered several influenza pandemics over the. General Characteristics of Algae. Algae are eukaryotic organisms that have no roots, stems, or leaves but do have chlorophyll and other pigments for carrying out photosynthesis. Algae can be multicellular or unicellular. Unicellular algae occur most frequently in water, especially in plankton. Phytoplankton is the population of free‐floating. Fowl cholera is a highly contagious disease that affects the chickens. It is very dangerous can lead to the death of birds. Symptoms: The symptoms are high fever, skin discoloration, loss of appetite, ruffled and weak feathers, dehydration, mucus from the mouth, and breathing problems. Prevention and Treatment: You can prevent spreading this disease by controlling the people, vehicle, and.

Prevention and Treatment of Viral Infections Biology I

Many diseases are spread through sneezes and coughs. When you sneeze or cough, the germs can travel 3 feet or more! Cover your mouth and nose to prevent the spread of infection to others. Use a tissue! Keep tissues handy at home, at work and in your pocket. Be sure to throw away used tissues and then clean your hands Published: 2015-06-15 - Updated: 2021-01-01 Author: Thomas C. Weiss | Contact: Disabled World (www.disabled-world.com) Synopsis: Information regarding types of water-borne diseases caused by water people drink that is contaminated by animal or human feces.In developing countries, four-fifths of all illnesses are caused by water-borne diseases, with diarrhea being the leading cause of death. (CHDs). Outbreak reports include implicated viruses or bacteria, the outbreak setting, and recommendations made to mitigate the spread of disease. • Outbreak definition for assisted living facilities, nursing facilities, and long-term care facilities: two or more cases of influenza, ILI, or acute respiratory illness (ARI Some infectious diseases can kill children or cause lasting damage to their health. Your child's immune system needs help to fight those diseases. Immunisation gives protection against some infectious diseases. Vaccines stimulate the body to produce antibodies that fight infection. Immunisation is also known as 'vaccination', 'jab' or 'injection' The disease has spread to most parts of the USA between 1960 and 1964, and affected Europe in between 1962 and 1971. 11 IBDV strains based on virus neutralization assay are classified into serotype 1 and serotype 2, While serotype 1 viruses are pathogenic to chickens and based upon the mortality and bursal lesions, the virus can be categorized.

Types of Diseases: Classification of Diseases with

The virus can live on surfaces like plastic and stainless steel for 2 to 3 days. To stop it, clean and disinfect all counters, knobs, and other surfaces you and your family touch several times a. One issue for OSHA in picking up the Obama-era infectious disease rulemaking will be whether to widen its scope beyond health-care and social service employers, Fairfax said. The Covid-19 pandemic showed that workers who labor close to each other or who deal with the public in any industry can be especially vulnerable to infection The ruling party's national convention closed out this week without one single mention of how many Americans have died from COVID-19. As speakers tried to rewrite the history of the last six months, claiming President Trump has done a laudable, effective job at handling the coronavirus crisis, the 180,000 Americans who have died got no specific mention Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL), a neglected tropical disease, represents a significant public health problem in many endemic countries including Yemen. The ongoing armed conflict that started in March 2015 has had a negative impact on the entire healthcare system as well as on infectious disease control programmes. Therefore, this cross-sectional study aimed to assess knowledge and attitude. All farm personnel should be familiar with signs of infectious diseases and report any signs of disease promptly to a supervisor. 7. Separate pregnant mares from all other horses on the property, especially horses that travel frequently to other equine venues (e.g., shows, racetracks)