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Lipodystrophy in diabetes patients

Lipodystrophy (LD), a disorder of adipose tissue, is one of the most common complications of subcutaneous insulin injections and may present as either lipohypertrophy (LH) or lipoatrophy (LA). The latter is defined as a large, often deep, retracted scar on the skin that results from serious damage to subcutaneous fatty tissue Lipodystrophic syndromes are characterized by adipose tissue deficiency. Although rare, they are of considerable interest as they, like obesity, typically lead to ectopic lipid accumulation, dyslipidaemia and insulin resistant diabetes OBJECTIVE Lipodystrophies are categorized by the extent of fat loss (generalized vs. partial) and by inheritance (congenital vs. acquired). We examined whether a group of patients with partial lipodystrophy of the limbs (PLL), type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and an absence of a family history of lipodystrophy constitute a new clinical subtype

Genezen van diabetes type 2? - Stop diabetes zonder medicati

We investigated the prevalence of lipodystrophy and the extent of metabolic abnormalities related to lipoatrophic diabetes mellitus in patients with JDM. METHODS: Twenty patients with JDM were evaluated for evidence of lipodystrophy and associated lipoatrophic diabetes mellitus Another spectrum of insulin-induced lipodystrophy is insulin-induced lipoatrophy which the prevalence decreased sharply from 10-55% of patients using animal-derived insulin to less than 2% in the present day. 12 However, our study was also consistent with previous reports that insulin analogs did not prevent patients from developing this. I have some patients who go on a pump vacation for a few months just to give areas a rest. This is not usually a problem in us folks with type 2 diabetes because we have more tummy to work with

What is lipohypertrophy? Lipohypertrophy is an abnormal accumulation of fat underneath the surface of the skin. It's most commonly seen in people who receive multiple daily injections, such as.. Lipodystrophy syndromes are rare heterogeneous disorders characterized by deficiency of adipose tissue, usually a decrease in leptin levels and, frequently, severe metabolic abnormalities including diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia The localized form of lipodystrophy usually affects people who have repeated daily injections — for example, people with diabetes who require regular insulin injections. The loss of fat occurs only.. Lipodystrophy (LD) is a rare disease with a paucity of subcutaneous adipocytes and leptin deficiency. Patients often develop severe diabetes and, additionally, show a disturbed eating behavior with reduced satiety. The disturbed eating behavior can be restored by substitution with the leptin analog metreleptin Lipodystrophy is a problem with the way your body uses and stores fat. It's called acquired when you aren't born with it. It often affects the fat that's just under your skin, so it can change the..

Nine female patients (age range, 15 to 42 years; eight with diabetes mellitus) who had lipodystrophy and serum leptin levels of less than 4 ng per milliliter (0.32 nmol per milliliter) received. Context: Acquired generalized lipodystrophy (AGL) is marked by severe insulin resistance and hypertriglyceridemia. Rarely, AGL and type 1 diabetes (T1D) coexist. Objective: Our objective was to describe the response to leptin therapy in patients with coexisting AGL and T1D and to document the autoimmune diseases associated with AGL

Lipodystrophy in Insulin-Treated Subjects and Other

  1. Patients with acquired generalized lipodystrophy (AGL) may show severe metabolic complications similar to patients with CGL, while patients with acquired partial lipodystrophy (APL), also known as Barraquer-Simons syndrome, who invariably have well-preserved lower body fat, have lesser incidences of metabolic complications compared with other lipodystrophy syndromes
  2. Accelerated Progression of Diabetic Retinopathy in a Patient with Acquired Lipodystrophy Following Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. By Masatoshi Haruta,Kensaku Iwata,Shigeo Yoshida Jul 26, 2021 To report a case of bilateral proliferative diabetic retinopathy and lipemia retinalis in a patient with acquired lipodystrophy
  3. patients with JDM and metabolic abnormalities known to be associated with lipodystrophy in another 8 patients. The 20 patients with JDM were categorized as follows: Group 1 (Patients 1-4) consisted of patients with lipodystrophy and either diabetes mellitus (2 patients) or impaired glucose tolerance (2 patients); Group 2 (Patients 5-12): no.
  4. Fifteen patients with generalized lipodystrophy were treated with twice-daily recombinant methionyl human leptin (r-metHuLeptin) for 12 months. We evaluated metabolic parameters at baseline and every 4 months. Antidiabetes medications were decreased or discontinued as necessary

Partial lipodystrophy and insulin resistant diabetes in a

  1. ently affects the arms and legs. Autosomal Recessive FPL (Type 6 due to CIDEC mutation) This form of FPL has only been reported in one individual in the medical literature. The reported symptoms include partial lipodystrophy, severe insulin resistance, fatty liver, acanthosis nigricans, and diabetes
  2. antly expressed in adipocytes, where it inhibits basal and facilitates stimulated lipolysis. Loss-of-function mutations in the PLIN1 gene were recently reported in patients with a novel subtype of familial partial lipodystrophy, designated as FPLD4. We now report the identification and characterization of a novel heterozygous frameshift.
  3. a/c gene. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2001; 86:59. Agarwal AK, Garg A. A novel heterozygous mutation in peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma gene in a patient with familial partial lipodystrophy

Diabetes may be the first presentation of lipodystrophy. High circulating fats in the blood, specifically increased triglycerides, are common among patients with lipodystrophy, and when severe increases the risks of inflammation of the pancreas, or pancreatitis. Hyperandrogenism/ovarian dysfunction affects many females with lipodystrophy Lipodystrophy is a rare disorder that affects how the body stores and uses fat. Children with lipodystrophy may have little or no body fat. Instead, fat builds up in places it shouldn't, like the blood and internal organs. This can lead to diabetes and other health problems. Lipodystrophy can be inherited, which means the condition is passed. Analyses of the phenotypes in these individuals showed that type 2 diabetes is significantly enriched in patients with a clinical diagnosis of lipodystrophy (odds ratio [OR] 4.28 [95% CI 1.90 - 9.64]), P = 1.27 × 10 −4) . Next, we performed genetic analyses in the 24 individuals with available genetic data in order to identify the likely. RESULTS Baseline characteristics. A total of 15 patients with severe forms of lipodystrophy were studied (). All 15 patients had uncontrolled diabetes (fasting glucose ≥126 mg/dl and/or A1C ≥ 7%), despite attempts to optimize therapy with oral hypoglycemics and/or insulin ().All but one patient had hypertriglyceridemia >150 mg/dl (mean 1,380 mg/dl [range 95-7,420 mg/dl]) despite therapy.

Weyer presented results of an analysis of 55 patients with lipodystrophy who were assigned to metreleptin. According to the researchers, this is the largest cohort to date. At baseline, 75% of patients had uncontrolled diabetes (HbA1c ≥7%) and 75% had hypertriglyceridemia (≥200 mg/dl) This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions Depending on which type of lipodystrophy a person has, it may cause other problems, including diabetes, high cholesterol and triglycerides, liver disease, and kidney failure. Doctors can help you. Often these conditions are much more severe in lipodystrophy patients and occur rapidly as the metabolic problems are more severe in these patients than those with diabetes

The newly approved medication was evaluated in an open-label, single-arm study of 48 patients with congenital or acquired generalized lipodystrophy who also had diabetes, hypertriglyceridemia, and. Lipodystrophy and diabetes risk. Royal Liverpool Hospital evaluated its own performance and concluded that glucose and blood pressure control in their diabetic patients were sub-optimal. In the cohort of 1123 patients, the age-adjusted prevalence of type 2 diabetes was 3.4%, leading the investigators to suspect that diabetes may be under. Introduction Berardinelli-Seip Congenital Lipodystrophy (BSCL) is a rare autosomal recessive disease that affects the development of adipocytes and leads to an inability to store fat in adipocytes. This study aimed to evaluate the life expectancy and the causes of death of patients with BSCL. Method We analyzed death certificates, and medical records of BSCL patients who died between 1997 and.

After finding myself in hospital with severe diabetes, out-of-control cholesterol, and several other issues my diagnosis of Familial Partial Lipodystrophy left me feeling alone and frightened. Thanks to LDUK I have connected with other patients Patients receiving HIV protease inhibitors frequently develop a syndrome of peripheral lipodystrophy, hyperlipidaemia and insulin resistance, which is common with prolonged therapy but occurrence of secondary diabetes mellitus is relatively rare. This syndrome was more frequent and profound in those receiving ritonavir-saquinavir than those. Leptin has key roles in the regulation of energy balance, body weight, metabolism, and endocrine function. Leptin levels are undetectable or very low in patients with lipodystrophy, hypothalamic amenorrhea, and congenital leptin deficiency (CLD) due to mutations in the leptin gene. For these patients, leptin replacement therapy with metreleptin. The patients commonly have moderately severe elevation of blood lipids. Diabetes occurs usually after the onset of lipodystrophy. Diabetes is often difficult to control despite requiring large doses of injectable insulin. Most patients have low serum levels of leptin and adiponectin. Patients wit

Type 2 Diabetes With Partial Lipodystrophy of the Limbs

  1. al Lipodystrophy (Lipodystrophia Cenrtifugalis Abdo
  2. Increased Risk for Type 2 Diabetes in People With HIV and Lipodystrophy. Zahra Masoud. Results showed that LFAT remained stable in people with HIV and patients in the control group and that T2DM is a more frequent complication than advanced liver fibrosis in people with HIV. People living with HIV and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD.
  3. A new strain of human coronavirus (HCoV) spread rapidly around the world. Diabetes and obesity are associated with a worse prognosis in these patients. Congenital Generalized Lipodystrophy (CGL) patients generally have poorly controlled diabetes and require extremely high doses of insulin. There is no documentation in the literature of cases of COVID in CGL patients
  4. Javor ED, Cochran EK, Musso C, Young JR, Depaoli AM, Gorden P. Long-term efficacy of leptin replacement in patients with generalized lipodystrophy. Diabetes. 2005;54:1994-2002. Abstract; Safar Zadeh E, Lungu AO, Cochran EK, et al. The liver diseases of lipodystrophy: the long-term effect of leptin treatment
  5. ished adipose tissue and hypoleptinemia, leading to triglyceride accumulation in ectopic areas such as the liver
  6. Leptin therapy for lipodystrophy: Unresolved questions. Dr. Simha summarizes: Leptin-replacement therapy is doubtless a promising option for patients with lipodystrophy, but many questions remain unanswered. One of them is the role of leptin therapy in patients with partial lipodystrophy who have variable fat loss and leptin levels

Patients with HAART-induced lipodystrophy report loss of subcutaneous (sc) fat from the extremities and face and excess fat accumulation in the neck and truncal region. They also are predisposed to metabolic complications of insulin resistance, such as, dyslipidemia and diabetes mellitus other three patients had acquired generalized lipodystrophy. Study Design The study was designed as a prospective, open-label study at the Diabetes Branch of the National Institute of Diabetes and Di Summary. Berardinelli-Seip congenital lipodystrophy (BSCL) is a rare autosomal recessive disease, characterized by the absence of subcutaneous adipose tissue, leptin deficiency and severe metabolic complications, such as insulin resistance, diabetes mellitus, and dyslipidemia.The most common mutation occurs in BCSL2 which encodes seipin, a protein involved in adipogenesis

[110, 111] The approval was based on results from a National Institutes of Health open-label, single-arm study of 48 patients with congenital or acquired generalized lipodystrophy who also had diabetes mellitus, hypertriglyceridemia, and/or elevated levels of fasting insulin, in which metreleptin reduced levels of HbA1C, fasting glucose, and. Patients. A total of 579 metreleptin‐treated patients with obesity and 134 metreleptin‐treated patients with lipodystrophy (antibody/neutralizing activity data: n = 105). Measurements. Antimetreleptin antibodies, in vitro neutralizing activity. Results. Antimetreleptin antibodies developed in most patients (obese: 96-100%; lipodystrophy.

Novel Forms of Lipodystrophy Diabetes Car

Patients with both types of generalized lipodystrophy often develop severe insulin resistance at a young age and may have diabetes mellitus that is difficult to control or hypertriglyceridemia. OBJECTIVE: Lipodystrophy and associated metabolic abnormalities are being increasingly recognized as complications of juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM). We investigated the prevalence of lipodystrophy and the extent of metabolic abnormalities related to lipoatrophic diabetes mellitus in patients with JDM Familial Partial Lipodystrophy (FPL), also known as Kobberling-Dunnigan Syndrome, is characterized by progressive, selective body fat loss in the body . FPL can affect an individual in a variety of ways, which can include reduced ability to break down glucose, raised levels of triglycerides in the blood, and diabetes Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DDP4) is an enzyme responsible for glucagon-like peptide-1 inactivation and plays an important role in glucose metabolism. The aim of this study was to evaluate DPP4 levels in patients with familial partial lipodystrophy type 2 (FPLD2) and correlate it with body fat distribution. Fourteen patients with FPLD2 were selected to participate in this study and matched to a.

Diagnosis and Management of Lipodystrophy Syndromes: A

Approximately 30% of diabetic patients experience cutaneous disorders directly related to hormonal disturbances.[] In addition, pharmacologic control of diabetes mellitus can also be responsible for skin alterations including lipoatrophy and lipohypertrophy developing at the site of insulin injections.[2,3] The management of diabetes-related skin manifestations is tailored to the underlying. When thiazolidinediones (TZDs) are used to treat patients with at least some fat tissue (e.g. patients with partial lipodystrophy or type 2 diabetes), an increase in sc fat is seen, possibly from increased adipocyte differentiation (14- 21). The effect of TZDs and PPAR-γ activation in generalized lipodystrophy patients with complete absence. A 35-year-old African-American female with a congenital form of lipodystrophy. The patient was diagnosed with lipodystrophy at age 9 and with type 2 diabetes at age 12. Two siblings were also diagnosed with lipodystrophy. The patient's diabetes was treated with metformin (850 mg three times a day)

Nutritional and endocrine measurements were normal. An abnormal processing of proinsulin to insulin was excluded. Thus, lipodystrophy during HAART was associated with diabetes, insulin resistance and hypertriglyceridaemia. Diabetes, diagnosed by basal and/or 120 min-OGTT glycaemia, seems more frequent than previously described Classical heterozygous pathogenic variants of the lamin A/C (LMNA) gene cause autosomal dominant familial partial lipodystrophy type 2 (FPLD2). However, recent reports indicate phenotypic heterogeneity among carriers of LMNA pathogenic variants, and a few patients have been associated with generalized fat loss. Here, we report a patient with a lamin A specific pathogenic variant in exon 11. Familial partial lipodystrophy, Dunnigan variety, is a recognised autosomal dominant disorder which is caused by heterozygous missense mutations in the lamin A/C gene. Dunnigan lipodystrophy is characterised by a variable loss of fat from the extremities and trunk, as well as an excess of subcutaneous fat in the chin and supraclavicular area The case should: 1) raise awareness to clinicians of the diagnosis of lipodystrophy in patients with severe metabolic disorders despite intensified metabolic treatment, 2) affirm that patients with FPLD3 may benefit from metreleptin treatment, and 3) once again challenge the entity of difficult-to-manage diabetes patients

Discussion Patients receiving HIV protease inhibitors frequently develop a syndrome of peripheral lipodystrophy, hyperlipidaemia and insulin resistance, which is common with prolonged therapy but occurrence of secondary diabetes mellitus is relatively rare. This syn- drome was more frequent and profound in those receiving ritonavir-saquinavir. Acquired generalized lipodystrophy (also known as Lawrence syndrome, and Lawrence-Seip syndrome, abbreviation: AGL) is a rare skin condition that appears during childhood or adolescence, characterized by fat loss affecting large areas of the body, particularly the face, arms, and legs.: 496 There are 4 types of lipodystrophy based on its onset and areas affected: acquired or inherited. Lipodystrophy is a disorder of fat metabolism that may be clinically evident as adipose tissue accumulation (eg, in intraabdominal, dorsocervical, or breast tissues, and lipomas), lipoatrophy (loss of fat mass, eg, of the face, limbs, buttocks), and metabolic abnormalities (eg, insulin resistance, diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension, or lactic acidemia) Lipodystrophy is a problem with the way your body makes, uses, and stores fat. It's also called fat redistribution. While it used to be more common with older antiretroviral (ART) treatments for.

Insulin induced lipodystrophy - British Journal of Diabete

Combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) in the treatment of HIV-1 infection has been associated with complications, including lipodystrophy, hyperlipidaemia, insulin resistance (IR) and diabetes. To compare the prevalence of glucose homeostasis disturbances and IR in HIV patients on cART according to the presence of lipodystrophy (defined clinically and by Fat Mass Ratio) and different patterns. Congenital generalized lipodystrophy is a rare autosomal recessive disorder in which near total absence of the adipose tissue is evident from the birth. It was originally described by Berardinelli and Seip, and since then has been reported in approximately 500 patients of various ethnic origins Patients receiving ritonavir and saquinavir in combination had significantly lower body fat, higher lipids and shorter time to lipodystrophy than patients receiving indinavir. Three (2%) patients developed new or worsening diabetes mellitus

Lipodystrophy: life without fat Society for Endocrinolog

HIV lipodystrophy is a heterogeneous syndrome, which has yet to be objectively defined, comprising peripheral lipoatrophy, central fat accumulation and lipomata, along with hyperlipidaemia, insulin resistance and lactic acidaemia. Both nucleoside analogues and protease inhibitors are involved, but there are also host factors that probably place some patients at greater risk preferable. Some patients may require two doses of glargine daily. • For patients with type 1 diabetes who have difficulty affording glargine, NPH is a reasonable and less expensive alternative. Glargine is associated with lower HbA1c and less hypoglycemia than NPH. All patients should engage in the following self-management activities Background Objective criteria for the assessment of patients with lipodystrophy syndrome in human immunodeficiency virus infection (LDHIV) have not emerged. Methods We compared regional body fat changes in 13 men with severe LDHIV on protease inhibitor-inclusive antiretroviral therapy with 13 control HIV-infected men using anthropometry, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), and whole-body. Patients with lipodystrophy (excluding HIV-associated lipodystrophy) were enrolled on a rolling basis if they were ≥6 months old, had low serum leptin level (<8 ng/mL in boys, <12 mg/mL in girls), and had ≥1 metabolic abnormality, including diabetes, insulin resistance (fasting insulin level ≥30 µIU/mL), or hypertriglyceridemia (fasting. All patients had extreme lack of body fat, low plasma leptin levels, and elevated serum triglycerides, but only two had diabetes. Insulin sensitivity was measured by a high-dose (0.2 IU/kg) insulin tolerance test, as well as by hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic glucose clamp studies in two patients

Familial partial lipodystrophy is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorder. Types 1 and 2 were originally described as clinical subtypes: type 1 (FPLD1; 608600), characterized by loss of subcutaneous fat confined to the limbs (Kobberling et al., 1975), and FPLD2, characterized by loss of subcutaneous fat from the limbs and trunk. Paradoxically, both 'too much' (obesity) and 'too little' (lipodystrophy) fat lead to adipose tissue dysfunction, ectopic lipid accumulation, insulin resistance and diabetes. Within the last decade, investigators have identified mutations in seven different genes in patients with lipodystrophy Patients with severe, generalized lipodystrophies share an inability to produce enough of the hormone leptin, which is made by fat tissue. Leptin regulates appetite in the body. Leptin deficiency can lead to excessive hunger, difficult to control diabetes, and extremely high triglycerides, as well as other metabolic problems However, given the increased risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus, patients with lipodystrophy should adhere to the guidelines of the American Heart Association, which recommends.

What Is Lipodystrophy In Diabetes? DiabetesTalk

The babies may have an umbilical protrudence or hernia and hepatosplenomegaly. A few patients develop diabetes in infancy, but most become diabetic during adolescence or later. (lipodystrophy. Diabetic Lipodystrophy is a rare and sometimes overlooked condition that is caused when the body destroys the sub cutaneous fat and underlying muscle at the injection sites in an attempt to destroy the insulin. Life with this rare condition is not easy and with only a dozen people in the world living with Diabetic Lipodystrophy, the sufferers do not have many alternatives In comparison with previously reported patients with CGL type 4, our patient has diabetes mellitus, vitamin D deficiency, hypocalcemia, bilateral cataracts and hyperuricemia. All these manifestations are known to be associated with other lipodystrophy syndromes, but to our knowledge it is the first time they have been reported to be associated. Muniyappa R, Brown RJ, Mari A, et al. Effects of leptin replacement therapy on pancreatic beta-cell function in patients with lipodystrophy. Diabetes Care. 2014;37(4):1101-1107. 49. Christensen JD, Lungu AO, Cochran E, et al. Bone mineral content in patients with congenital generalized lipodystrophy is unaffected by metreleptin replacement.

Lipoatrophy - Pictures, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Berardinelli-Seip Congenital Lipodystrophy (BSCL) is a rare genetic disease characterized by the absence of adipose tissue that contributes to the impairment of glucose and lipid metabolism [1, 2].At the metabolic level, BSCL patients present dyslipidemia, hyperinsulinemia, disrupted carbohydrate metabolism, insulin resistance, diabetes mellitus (DM), hepatosplenomegaly, hepatic steatosis. In 2014, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved Myalept (metreleptin for injection) as replacement therapy to treat the complications of leptin deficiency, in addition to diet, in patients with congenital generalized or acquired generalized lipodystrophy. Myalept is a recombinant analogue (laboratory-created form) of human leptin and is.

Lipodystrophy in patients with juvenile dermatomyositis

A European registry for all patients with lipodystrophy will provide a platform for improved research in the area of lipodystrophy. All physicians from Europe and neighbouring countries caring for patients with lipodystrophy are invited to participate in the ECLip Registry. ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT03553420) Appt. Phone: 617-636-5689. Fax #: 617-636-4719. • Efficient, patient-centered care delivery that balances in-person with virtual care and digital connectivity. • Prevention of diabetes. • Diabetes management and prevention of diabetes-related complications. • Diagnosis and management of hypoglycemia

Cardiac Manifestations of Congenital Generalized

These include the usual complications of diabetes, such as microvascular disease, kidney disease, and retinopathy, as well as macrovascular disease. Steatohepatitis is a major life-limiting complication for many patients with lipodystrophy, leading to cirrhosis and sometimes liver transplantation, even in childhood IN BRIEF Congenital lipodystrophy is a rare genetic disorder characterized by a near-complete absence of fat cells, hypoleptinemia leading to a voracious appetite, and marked insulin resistance. This article focuses on the known cardiovascular manifestations of patients with congenital lipodystrophy, including cardiomyopathy, cardiac arrhythmias, and accelerated atherosclerosis arising from a. Lipodystrophic syndromes are characterized by adipose tissue deficiency. Although rare, they are of considerable interest as they, like obesity, typically lead to ectopic lipid accumulation, dyslipidaemia and insulin resistant diabetes. In this paper we describe a female patient with partial lipodystrophy (affecting limb, femorogluteal and subcutaneous abdominal fat), white adipocytes with. Researchers have successfully used the hormone leptin to treat patients suffering from lipodystrophy. The findings by scientists at the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) and the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center appear in the 21st February 2002, issue of the New England Journal of Medicine Lipodystrophy is associated with metabolic derangements including severe insulin resistance, diabetes, hypertriglyceridemia, pancreatitis, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and, in females, hyperandrogenism, polycystic ovarian syndrome and subfertility. The underlying cause may be genetic or acquired. Patients may present in childhood or adulthood

Picture of HIV Lipodystrophy Treatment on MedicineNetThe Effects of Thiazolidinediones on MetabolicLipoatrophy - Pictures, Causes, What Is, Treatment, SymptomsAcquired Partial Lipodystrophy Clinical Presentation6

Lipodystrophy patients with insulin resistance and diabetes are treated with traditional oral or injected anti-diabetic medications such as the sulfonylurea class of drugs. Chronic hypertension. Background . Lipodystrophy is one of the clinical complications of insulin injection that affects insulin absorption and leads to poor glycemic control. Objective . To assess insulin-induced lipodystrophy and glycemic control. Methods . A cross sectional study was done on 176 diabetic children and adolescents who inject insulin for a minimum of one year Lipodystrophy Specialist. Patients travel from around the world seeking advice and treatment from Abhimanyu Garg, M.D., an expert in lipodystrophies, a group of acquired and inherited disorders affecting adipose (fat) tissue and characterized by selective loss of fat from various parts of the body.Lipodystrophies predispose patients to develop diabetes, fatty liver, and high blood levels of. Generalized lipodystrophy (GL) is categorized as a rare congenital generalized lipodystrophy (CGL) or acquired generalized lipodystrophy (AGL) disease characterized by widespread loss of adipocytes, leading to leptin deficiency, ectopic fat deposition, and severe metabolic abnormalities (insulin resistance, diabetes, and/or hypertriglyceridemia). 1,2 In women with insulin resistance and. Advise patients who have repeatedly injected into areas of lipodystrophy or localized cutaneous amyloidosis to change the injection site to unaffected areas and closely monitor for hypoglycemia. Adjustments in concomitant anti-diabetic treatment may be needed